Corvette Forum : DigitalCorvettes.com Corvette Forums banner

1 - 1 of 1 Posts

·
Super Moderator
Joined
·
8,488 Posts
Discussion Starter #1
well heres a almost fool proof method if you don,t know what your looking for, because it removes to some extent bad info on the correct cam to buy
(1) first carefully write a list on every other part in your engine,combo, your to include

engine size(DISPLACEMENT)
compression ratio
cylinder heads
port size
valve sizes
chamber sizes
header size
rod length
engine bore/stroke
intake type
carb or EFI flow (CFM)
intended rpm range
trans stall speed
rear gearing
car weight
intended useage
does it need to pass emmission testing
do you want hydrolic or solid lifters
flat tappet or roller
what is the max lift the clearances in your engine will support, what will the valve springs and rockers have for clearances
whats the engines intended max RPM level
(2) call six to seven DIFFERANT CAM MANUFACTURERS (MINIMUM) and read them the EXACT SAME INFO
(3) write down the info they give you as to lift, durration at .050 lift , degrees of overlap at .050 lift and LSA
(4) average the results and buy the cam thats as close to that average as possiable


now as a general rule youll want to almost always want to choose the lower durration and widder LSA that matches the intended use range
heres some guide lines
OVERLAP
trucks/good mileage towing 10-35 degs overlap
daily driven low rpm performance 30-55degs overlap
hot street performance 50-75 degs overlap
oval track racing 70-95degs overlap
dragster/comp eliminator engines 90-115 degs overlap

rpm ranges/durration




short answer, 110 LSA if its a engine used mostly at high RPM, 112 LSA if its street driven
(need more info,..look below)
read these lessons (#1-8)
http://www.newcovenant.com/speedcrafter/tech/camshaft/3.htm
The LSA, or lobe separation angle, is ground into the cam and cannot be changed. It is the angle that separates the intake and exhaust lobe for a particular cylinder, and is measured in camshaft degrees. The intake lobe centerline is measured in crankshaft degrees. The #1 intake lobe centerline is usually between 100° to 110° ATDC and is what you use to degree the cam. The cam manufacturer will publish the specs for the cam based on a given intake lobe centerline. Comp Cams, for instance, produces a large number of cams with 110_° LSA ground 4° advanced, so they list the specs for the cam with a 106° intake lobe centerline. You can calculate the ILC by adding the intake opening angle in °BTDC, the intake closing angle in °ABDC, plus 180° for the distance from TDC to BDC. Divide by 2 and subtract the intake opening angle and you will have the ILC. For example a 12-430-8 Comp Cam lists IO at 34°BTDC, IC at 66° ATDC, so 34 + 66 + 180 = 280. 280/2 = 140. 140 - 34 = 106° ILC

Figure 3 is a picture of both an intake and an exhaust lobe of a camshaft, seen end-on. It shows the relationship between the lobes, shows the overlap area, and illustrates this next section.
As stated in lesson 2, overlap has a great deal to do with overall engine performance. Small overlap makes low-end torque but less high-end power. Large overlap reduces low-end torque but increases high-end power.
Overlap is determined by two other cam specifications, Duration and Lobe Center Angle.
Duration is the time, measured in crankshaft degrees, that a valve is open. A duration of 204 degrees means that while the valve is open, the crankshaft rotates through 204 degrees.
Duration is measured on two "standards," "advertised duration" and "duration at 0.050"." Advertised duration is measured from when the valve just starts to lift off its seat to when it just touches the seat again. This is measured in different ways by different manufacturers. Some measure when the valve lifter is raised 0.004", some at 0.006", and some at different points yet. So the industry agreed to another standard that was supposed to make it easier to compare cams. In this standard, the duration is measured between the point where the lifter is raised by 0.050", and the point where it is lowered again to 0.050".
The 0.050" standard is great for side-by-side "catalog" comparisons between cams. But if you use engine prediction software on your computer, the software is much more accurate when you can feed it "advertised" duration numbers.
Lobe Center Angle is the distance in degrees between the centers of the lobes on the camshaft.
To increase duration, cam makers grind the lobes wider on the base circle of the cam. This makes the lobes overlap each other more, increasing overlap. More duration = more overlap.
To increase overlap without changing duration, cam makers will grind the lobes closer together, making a smaller lobe center angle. Less lobe center angle = more overlap.
Overlap and duration are the two big factors in cam design. More overlap moves the power band up in the engine's RPM range.
Longer duration keeps the valves open longer, so more air/fuel or exhaust can flow at higher speeds. It works out that increasing the duration of the camshaft by 10 degrees moves the engine's power band up by about 500 rpm.
A smaller lobe separation increases overlap, so a smaller lobe separation angle causes the engine's torque to peak early in the power band. Torque builds rapidly, peaks out, then falls off quickly. More lobe separation causes torque to build more slowly and peak later, but it is spread more evenly over the power band. So a larger lobe separation angle creates a flatter torque curve.
So you can see how a cam maker can tailor the camshaft specs to produce a particular power band in an engine--

Short duration with a wide separation angle might be best for towing, producing a strong, smooth low-end torque curve.
Long duration with a short separation angle might be suited for high-rpm drag racing, with a high-end, sharp torque peak.
Moderate duration with wide separation angle might be best suited for an all-around street performance engine, producing a longer, smoother torque band that can still breathe well at higher RPM.
Remember, there's always a compromise made in this process.

One last item to consider is the lobe centerline. The lobe centerline is the angle of the lobe's center peak, measured in crankshaft degrees when the piston is at Top Dead Center (TDC). In general (but not always), when a cam is installed "straight up," the intake lobe centerline and the lobe separation angle are the same.
The lobe centerline can be altered when the camshaft is installed, by advancing or retarding the camshaft's position in relation to the crankshaft. Advancing the camshaft by 4 degrees will move the power band about 200 RPM lower in the RPM band. Retarding the cam by 4 degrees will likewise move the power band 200 RPM higher in the RPM band. This allows you to fine-tune the engine's performance according to your needs.

personally I try to stay close to 110 degrees on most carb engines and 112 degrees on EFI engines because I value a wider torque curve more than a few hp only close to peak rpm


if cams are a mystery please take the time to read these, it will get you a good start

http://www.newcovenant.com/speedcrafter/tech/camshaft/1.htm
(read LESSONs 1-8)

http://www.mercurycapri.com/technical/engine/cam/lca.html

http://www.wighat.com/fcr3/confusion.htm

http://www.cranecams.com/instructions/valvetrain/camfail.htm

http://www.mercurycapri.com/technical/engine/cam/index.html

http://www.idavette.net/hib/camcon.htm

http://www.cranecams.com/master/adjustvt.htm

http://www.centuryperformance.com/valveadjustment.htm

http://www.totalengineairflow.com/tech/valvelashing.htm

http://www.chevytalk.com/tech/engine/Cam_Selection.html

http://www.chevytalk.com/tech/101/Cam_Theory.html

http://www.babcox.com/editorial/ar/ar119736.htm

http://www.mercurycapri.com/technical/engine/cam/vtg.html

http://www.n2performance.com/lecture1.shtml

http://www.symuli.com/vw/camp1.html

http://www.symuli.com/vw/camp2.html

http://home.wxs.nl/~meine119/tech/camqa.html

BTW CRANE AND CROWER HAVE GIVEN EXCELLENT SERVICE AND PRODUCT QUALITY OVER THE YEARS
 
1 - 1 of 1 Posts
Top